Accommodations, Modifications, and Differentiation

Creating multiple paths so that students of different abilities, interests or learning styles experience equally appropriate ways to absorb, use, and apply concepts.

  • Allowing students to listen to story online
  • Providing extension opportunities
  • Guided reading groups
  • Varying sets of reading comprehension questions to answer for a given book (either chosen by the teacher or student).
  • A personalized course packet with individualized remediation or enrichment materials.
  • An adaptive assessment that gets easier or harder depending on how a student is performing.
  • One-on-one coaching with a student, designed around his/her specific challenges.
  • Students grouped into small groups, which are designed around their strengths and weaknesses so that they can tutor each other
  • Rubrics
  • Genius Hour
  • Mini-lessons
  • Graphic Organizers
  • Curriculum Mapping
  • Inquiry Based Learning
  • Project based learning
  • Choice Board

Changes in the curricular or behavioral expectations that are appropriate for a particular student’s needs or abilities.  The standard or expectation DOES change.


  • Breaks between tasks
  • Cue expected behavior
  • Daily feedback to student
  • Have contingency plans
  • Use de-escalating strategies
  • Use positive reinforcement
  • Use proximity/touch control
  • Use peer supports and mentoring
  • Model expected behavior by adults
  • Have parent sign homework
  • Have parent sign behavior chart
  • Set and post class rules
  • Chart progress and maintain data


  • Change in amount of work required
  • Change in expectation of work
  • Shortened spelling list
  • Allow outlining, instead of writing for an essay or major project
  • Use of alternative books or materials on the topic being studied
  • Computerized spell-check support
  • Word bank of choices for answers to test questions
  • Provision of calculator and/or number line for math tests
  • Film or video supplements in place of reading text
  • Reworded questions in simpler language
  • Projects instead of written reports
  • Highlighting important words or phrases in reading assignments
  • Modified workload or length of assignments/tests
  • Modified time demands
  • Pass/no pass option

Changes in the environment that assist a student in meeting a standard or expectation.  The standard or expectation DOES NOT change.

  • Taking a test in another room
  • Completion of work one-on one with assistance
  • Preferential sitting
  • Textbooks for at-home use
  • Additional time for assignments
  • Review of directions
  • Review sessions
  • Provision of notes or outlines
  • Concrete examples
  • Use of a study carrel
  • Assistance in maintaining uncluttered space
  • Audio Books
  • Graphic organizers
  • Graph paper to assist in organizing or lining up math problems
  • Use of computers/calculators
  • Quiet corner or room to calm down and relax when anxious
  • Use of manipulatives
  • No penalty for spelling errors or sloppy handwriting
  • Teach time management skills
  • Rest breaks
  • Verbal and visual cues regarding directions and staying on task
  • Agenda book and checklists
  • Daily check-in
  • Adjusted assignment timelines
  • Visual daily schedule
  • Varied reinforcement procedures
  • Immediate feedback
  • Work-in-progress check
  • Weekly home-school communication tools (notebook, daily log, phone calls or email messages)
  • Preferential seating
  • Reduction of distractions
  • Answers to be dictated
  • Hands-on activities
  • Peer or scribe note-taking
  • Space for movement or breaks
  • Study sheets and teacher outlines
  • Extra visual and verbal cues and prompts
  • Lab and math sheets with highlighted instructions
  • Writing on a slanted surface
  • Highlighted paper
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